DoD manages nearly 30 million acres of land as well as substantial air and sea space to conduct missions vital to the national security of the United States. These same lands also contain significant amounts and types of cultural resources, from archaeological sites to historic buildings and structures. With the number of cultural resources continually growing, it is imperative that DoD understand the relative importance of its cultural resource properties, be able to evaluate them in an efficient and cost-effective manner, and make the best management choices possible based on available information. SERDP, ESTCP, and Legacy sponsored a workshop to (1) identify and prioritize the needs for cultural resource management across DoD; (2) examine the current state of practice across DoD for cultural resource management; (3) identify the current state of the art for cultural resource management relevant to DoD’s requirements; and (4) identify the gaps in knowledge, technology, and management for cultural resources that limit both the transition of emerging technologies and the implementation or development of new management approaches. Workshop discussions, priority information gaps, and research and management needs are described in the Workshop Proceedings.