- Program Areas
- Installation Energy and Water
- Environmental Restoration
- Munitions Response
- Resource Conservation and Resiliency
- Weapons Systems and Platforms
- Energetic Materials and Munitions
- Noise and Emissions
- Surface Engineering and Structural Materials
- Fuels and Greenhouse Gases
- Lead-Free Electronics
- Waste Reduction and Treatment in DoD Operations
Scalable Synthesis Development of MBANF
David Price | BAE Systems
The objective of this project is to develop environmentally acceptable routes to the novel explosive ingredient MBANF (Methylene-bis-aminonitrofurazan or bis(4-nitro-3-furazanylamino)methane) and evaluate this material as an RDX (1,3,5-Trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane) replacement, for instance, in novel melt-pour formulations. This project will combine the capabilities of the US Army Public Health Center (USAPHC) and BAE Systems (BAE). The goal of this project is to develop and demonstrate a scalable and affordable synthesis route for MBANF for potential use in prototype melt cast secondary explosive formulations that do not contain RDX, TNT (2,4,6-trinitro toluene) or AP (ammonium perchlorate) in an effort to replace Comp B. The synthetic methodologies developed to prepare the new ingredient will attempt to minimize waste streams and the use of toxic reagents to the extent possible.
Ultimately, several factors will be considered in determining if ingredients can find use and transition into weapons systems. These factors include environmental impact of the production of the novel ingredients, toxicity of novel ingredients, fate and transport of the novel ingredients, performance of ingredients (blast pressure, thermal stability, shock sensitivity, detonation velocity, etc), and estimated costs to produce novel ingredients.
The primary benefit of this effort to the Department of Defense (DoD) will be the creation of a novel, affordable and environmentally- and user-friendly synthesis method to manufacture MBANF. Being that this effort will be conducted by BAE Systems, the DoD can be assured that any methods developed for the synthesis of the material of interest will be focused on scalability to production quantities within reasonable amounts of time and cost.