Demonstrating Secure Demand Response in DoD
ESTCP is currently funding a project titled “ Market Aware High Performance Buildings Participating in Fast Load Response Utility Programs with a Single Open Standard Methodology” that is demonstrating a unified, standards-based platform supporting direct participation by installations in wholesale and fast response curtailment programs. Successful participation in these programs offers potential for significant utility cost savings for DoD installations.
Currently, most DoD facilities participate in demand response based on a manual response to notifications received via email or phone. This approach limits installations to participate only in next day or four-hour-notice programs and be compensated accordingly. Newer DR programs require faster and, in some instances, automated changes to consumption. Automated Demand Response (AutoDR) allows installations to participate in and receive greater compensation for participation in modern 24/7 fast response DR programs that require responses in as little as 10 minutes.
A single DoD wide automated platform, which includes machine-based direct connection between energy providers and consumers with appropriate security approvals, would allow widespread participation of DoD in these programs with minimal effort and secure access. This project is demonstrating machine-to-machine communication between DoD facilities and energy providers, enabling secure participation in the new grid balancing and demand management programs. Demonstrations are taking place at Fort Irwin, Camp Pendleton, and Picatinny Arsenal.
The technology consists of three parts: (1) A cloud-based server to distribute market signals from an energy provider according to a standard format, (2) Client-side end points to convey market signals to facility energy management systems and/or DR assets, and (3) Appropriate firewall technology to perform inspection of all signals sent to endpoints on a DoD installation. The server and end points are connected via web services over an IP network connection. The accreditation process involves hardening the devices and creating an ongoing process for keeping the cyber security defenses up to date and patched against current threats.
The project is anticipated to conclude in 2017, and will provide a proven methodology for all DoD facilities to participate in higher paying automated demand response programs with best-in-class cyber security.