DoD-Funded Research on AFFF

DoD’s goal is to eliminate fluorinated compounds from firefighting formulations as soon as possible. Towards this end, projects were sought to either (1) develop an alternative formulation for use in Department of Defense (DoD) Class B (flammable liquid) fire-suppression operations in lieu of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) in accordance with Interim Amendment 3 of MIL-PRF-24385F and (2) demonstrate and validate more environmentally sustainable (fluorine-free) fire suppression alternatives against current performance requirements outlined in MIL-PRF-24385F.  That specification is available with interim amendment 3 ( https://quicksearch.dla.mil/qsDocDetails.aspx?ident_number=283209). Along with these listed efforts, 11-more proposals are currently under review for potential funding as of Jan-2020. 

SERDP Projects

Title Investigator Products
Available
Program Status
WP18-1638: Fluorine free aqueous film forming foams based on functional siloxanes

Kris Rangan

Materials Modification, Inc.

SERDP In Progress
WP18-1630: Fluorine-free ionic liquids for Aqueous Film forming foam

Tirumalai Sudarshan

Materials Modification, Inc.

SERDP In Progress
WP18-1597: Innovative Nano-Encapsuled Ionic Liquid Based Surfactants for Fluorine-Free Fire Extinguishing Foams

Jaspreet Dhau

Molekule, Inc.

SERDP In Progress
WP18-1592: Stability of Fluorine-free Foams with Siloxane Surfactants for Improved Pool Fire Suppression 

Ramagopal Ananth

U.S. Naval Research Laboratory

SERDP In Progress
WP18-1559: Designing Next Generation Polymer-Based Surfactants for Fire Suppression

Timothy Long

Virginia Tech University

SERDP In Progress
WP18-1519: Surfactants with Organosilicate Nanostructures for Use as Fire-Fighting Foams (F3)

Matthew Davis

Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division

SERDP Complete
WP-2739: Fluorine-free Foams with Oleophobic Surfactants and Additives for Effective Pool Fire Suppression

Ramagopal Ananth

U.S. Naval Research Laboratory

SERDP In Progress
WP-2738: Fluorine-Free Aqueous Film Forming Foam

John Payne

National Foam

SERDP In Progress
WP-2737: Novel Fluorine-Free Replacement For Aqueous Film Forming Foam

Joseph Tsang

Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division

SERDP In Progress

ESTCP Demonstrations

Title Investigator Products 
Available
Program Status
WP20-5337: Demonstration and Validation of Fluorine Free Fire Suppression  Alternatives

Amee Polk

CCDC-Chemical Biological Center

  ESTCP In Progress
WP19-5348: Fluorine-free, 100% Bio-based Fire-fighting Materials

Hans Ewoldsen

Nu Element, Inc.

ESTCP In Progress
WP19-5332: Screening Tests for Fluorine-Free Firefighting Foams

Brian Lattimer

Jensen Hughes, Inc.

ESTCP In Progress
WP19-5324: Capabilities Assessment of Commercially Available Fluorine-Free Foams

Gerard (Jerry) Back

Jensen Hughes, Inc.

ESTCP In Progress
WP19-5299: Validation of Fluorine-free AFFF against Military Specification Performance Criteria

Satya Chauhan

Battelle

ESTCP In Progress

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